THE RED-HOT ONE HUNDRED

  • The 100 'easiest' or most common words required for CE Level 1.

By their very nature, the words selected for this group are likely to be so well-known, or else to have such obvious English derivatives that it makes VDB prompts rather unnecessary...

Don't worry, the best (?) is yet to come...!

** Some of the VDB prompts use English words similar to, but not actually derived from the Latin. This 'double-star' symbol is used to warn you that the word should not be considered an 'official' English derivative!

 

QUICK JUMP LINKS 

To jump quickly to a particular vocab table on the page, follow the links below:

NOUNS 1st decl: click #nouns1stdecl

NOUNS 2nd masc: click #nouns2ndmasc

NOUNS 2nd neuter: click #nouns2ndneut

ADJECTIVES: click #adjectives

PRONOUNS: click #pronouns

PREPOSITIONS: click #prepositions

ADVERBS: click #adverbs

CONJUNCTIONS: click #conjunctions 

VERBS 1st conj: click #verbs1stconj

VERBS 2nd conj: click #verbs2ndconj

VERBS 3rd conj: click #verbs3rdconj 

VERBS Mixed conj: click #verbsmixedconj

VERBS 4th conj: click #verbs4thconj 

VERBS: irreg: click #verbsirreg 

 

 

 

NOUNS

1st Declension: -A, -AE (mostly fem)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

 AGRICOLA FARMER agriculture

    the  farmer is  getting  'a(n)gri'...

ANCILLA SLAVE-GIRL ancillary 'anci-panci'
AQUA WATER aqueduct, aquatic (deriv.)
DEA GODDESS deity, deify see prompt for 'DEUS': feminine version!
FEMINA WOMAN feminine (deriv.)
INSULA ISLAND insulate, peninsula water wrapped around the island
NAUTA SAILOR nautical, astronaut Jason & the Argonauts
POETA POET poetry umm...!
PUELLA GIRL ? female 'puer'
REGINA QUEEN reign 'Elizabeth Regina'
SAGITTA ARROW Sagittarius, the centaur archer he shot the STAG with a SAG  
TERRA LAND, GROUND terrain, subterranean Fr: pomme de terre
VILLA (Country) HOUSE village same word!
 
 
 

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension: -US, -I (all masc)

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AMICUS FRIEND amicable

connect with 'AMO'

CIBUS FOOD ? 'cibus' (give us!) this day our daily bread
DEUS GOD deity, deify Zeus, the chief Deus
DOMINUS MASTER dominate he's a Grand Master at Dominoes
EQUUS HORSE equestrian (deriv.)
GLADIUS SWORD gladiator (deriv.)
ROMANUS ROMAN romantic er....
SERVUS SLAVE servant the slaves will serv'us
NOUNS

2nd Declension: -ER, -I (all masc)

LIBER BOOK library (deriv.)
MAGISTER  TEACHER   magistrate (deriv.)  
PUER BOY puerile (deriv.)
 
 

 

 

NOUNS

2nd Declension neuter: -UM, -I

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

BELLUM WAR belligerent, rebellion

meaning of deriv.

FORUM MARKETPLACE forensic a funny thing happened....
OPPIDUM TOWN oppidan  (scholar) helps to know 'oppugno': attack the town 
TEMPLUM TEMPLE temple umm...
THEATRUM THEATRE theatrical er......
VERBUM WORD verb, verbal (deriv.)
VINUM WINE vine, vineyard (deriv.)
 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

              1st/2nd Declension: -US -A -UM,              or -ER -A -UM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ALTUS

, HIGH, DEEP

altitude

(deriv.)

BONUS GOOD Fr: bon it's good to get a bonus
FESSUS TIRED ? connect with digging a 'fossa' (ditch): 'The fossa made him fessus' - (old pupils know the original of this: a play on the name of an old PE teacher: 'FOSSUS makes you FESSUS'!) 
IRATUS ANGRY irate the I.R.A. were very angry (also some find **irritate** a help)
LAETUS HAPPY ? 'light'-hearted
MAGNUS BIG, GREAT magnify a Magnum is a big ice-cream
MALUS BAD, NASTY malicious, malfunction deriv.; (also schoolboy slang based on 'mal-coordinated'!)
MISER misera miserum MISERABLE, POOR, WRETCHED miserable deriv.; also English 'miser'
MULTUS MANY, LOTS OF multiply e.g. multi-coloured
PARVUS LITTLE, SMALL ? fem. 'parva': a larva is a small insect: 'parva larva'
PERTERRITUS TERRIFIED terrified 'per' + 'territus' - frightened through & through: **petrified** unfortunately also usually works
  PULCHER    pulchra pulchrum BEAUTIFUL pulchritude usually helps to connect with 'puella'! "She's a puella pulchra"
SAEVUS SAVAGE savage "sa(e)v'us from the savage monster!"
 

 

 

PRONOUNS

       Personal; Interrogative  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

EGO

, I, ME

egotist

Quis? EGO!

NOS WE, US Fr: nous (Fr. deriv.)
TU YOU (singular) Fr: tu (Fr. deriv.) 
VOS YOU (plural) Fr: vous (Fr. deriv.)
QUIS? WHO? ? "QUIS? Ego!"; can also associate with **quiz**

 

 

 

PREPOSITIONS

       with cases as shown  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AD (+ acc) TO, TOWARDS advent 'add ' it to something
CUM (+ abl) WITH company "cum with me!"
E, EX (+ abl) OUT OF exit (deriv.) 
IN (+ abl) IN in, on same word!
TRANS (+ acc) ACROSS transport a transatlantic liner sails across...

 

 

 

ADVERBS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

CUR?

WHY?

?

**curious**: always asking 'why?'

MOX SOON ? the mocks (trial exams) are coming soon!
NON NOT nonsense unlike French, it does NOT mean 'no'! 
NUMQUAM NEVER ? it's nunc aut numquam
STATIM IMMEDIATELY ? statimmediately
SUBITO SUDDENLY ? in Subbuteo, goals get scored suddenly
TANDEM AT LAST ? the old-fashioned 'at length' works if you think of tandem bicycles

 

 

 

CONJUNCTIONS

       all indeclinable  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

ET

AND

et cetera

(e.g. Fr. deriv.)

        QUOD

 BECAUSE ? 'bequods'
SED BUT ? the verb 'sedeo' means 'sit', and you sit on your...
TAMEN HOWEVER ? it's rather like 'tandem';  however it's shorter, so it doesn't go on 'at length'
UBI WHEN ? Ubi-When Kenobi
-NE indicates an OPEN QUESTION ? not really a conjunction, of course...but this seemed the best place to put it! It's often confused with -que, but once they're sorted out use the meaning to remember it: 'how do you remember -ne?????'

 

 

 

VERBS

       1st Conjugation: -O -ARE -AVI -ATUM  

LATIN

ENGLISH

DERIVATIVE

VDB PROMPT

AMBULO

 WALK

amble, ambulance

original function of an 'ambulance': walking around the battlefield

AMO

 LOVE, LIKE amateur an amateur does something just for the love of it
CANTO SING chant (deriv.)
DO dare dedi datum GIVE donate, dative data: info that's been given; give me a do-nut
FESTINO HURRY ? hurry **fast** to the **festival**; festina lente
HABITO LIVE IN inhabit, habitat (deriv.)
INTRO ENTER, COME/GO IN introduction (deriv.)
LABORO WORK HARD laboratory the twelve labours of Heracles
NAVIGO SAIL navigate (deriv.)
NECO KILL internecine squeeze round the **neck**
PORTO CARRY portable, porter, transport (deriv.)
PUGNO FIGHT pugnacious, repugnant deriv.'s; **punch** also works
SPECTO LOOK AT spectator (deriv.)
VERBS 2nd Conjugation: -EO -ERE- UI -ITUM
MONEO ADVISE, WARN monitor, money the sacred geese of Juno Moneta warned the Romans
MOVEO movere movi motum MOVE movement, motion (deriv.)
    RESPONDEO      -dere -di -sum  REPLY response, responsible (deriv.)
TERREO FRIGHTEN terrorist (deriv.)
TIMEO AM AFRAID, FEAR timid (deriv.)
       VIDEO  -dere      -di -sum SEE vision, visor, invisible (deriv.)
VERBS 3rd Conjugation: various principal parts
BIBO -ere bibi bibitum DRINK imbibe, bibulous need a 'bib' in case you spill your drink
      CONSUMO        -ere -psi -ptum EAT consume (deriv.)
CURRO -ere cucurri cursum RUN current, cursor, course various associations with '**curry**' ...!
LUDO -ere lusi lusum PLAY elude, elusive **illusion**: your eyes play tricks on you; the  classic boardgame; playing games: you win some, you 'lusum'!
MITTO -ere misi missum SEND transmit, mission ask Granny to send you some mittens
REGO -ere rexi rectum RULE regent, director deriv.'s; also 'rex'
SCRIBO -ere scripsi scriptum WRITE scribe, script, description  'scribble' usually works best!
VERBS Mixed Conjugation: various principal parts
CAPIO -ere cepi captum CAPTURE, TAKE captive, capture (deriv.)
  CUPIO  -ere  -ivi    -itum DESIRE, WANT cupidity the God 'Cupid'; or 'I want a cup of tea'
FACIO -ere feci factum DO, MAKE fact, factory a factory is a place where things get made and jobs get done
VERBS 4th Conjugation: -IO -IRE -IVI -ITUM
AUDIO HEAR, LISTEN TO audience (deriv.)
DORMIO SLEEP dormitory deriv.; also **dormouse**
VENIO -ire veni ventum COME venture, went deriv.'s;  also Julius Caesar: veni, vidi, vici
VERBS Irregular Conjugation
SUM esse fui BE future, essence this one is usually known!